What is Permaculture?

Working with nature, not against it. A holistic approach to land use that “aims to create stable, productive systems that provide for human needs harmoniously integrating the land with people” (Bill Mollison).

“While many people think of permaculture as gardening, that's a lot like thinking of math as being about building bridges.  Permaculture is a sustainable design science rooted in observation of natural patterns.  For example, the same branching pattern of a tree is present in every river, as well as in our own bodies -- the pattern maximizes edge, increases diversity, and serves at least a dozen other functions.”

Regenerative Design Center

Ethics of Permaculture

  • Care for the earth (husband soil, forests and water)
  • Care for people (look after self, kin and community)
  • Fair share (set limits to consumption and reproduction, and redistribute surplus)

The Twelve Principles of Permaculture

  1. Observe and Interact
  2. Catch and Store Energy
  3. Obtain a Yield
  4. Apply Self-regulation and Accept Feedback
  5. Use and Value Renewable Resources and Services
  6. Produce No Waste
  7. Design From Patterns to Details
  8. Integrate Rather than Segregate
  9. Use Small and Slow Solutions
  10. Use and Value Diversity
  11. Use Edges and Value the Marginal
  12. Creatively Use and Respond to Change
Permaculture: Principles and Pathways beyond Sustainability by David Holmgren